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Memory-Centric 3D Image Reconstruction with Hierarchical Communications on Multi-GPU Node Architecture
Event Type
ACM Student Research Competition: Graduate Poster
ACM Student Research Competition: Undergraduate Poster
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TimeWednesday, 18 November 20203:34pm - 3:51pm EDT
LocationTrack 8
DescriptionX-ray computed tomography is a commonly used technique for non-invasive imaging at synchrotron facilities. Iterative tomographic reconstruction algorithms are often preferred for recovering high quality 3D volumetric images from 2D X-ray images, however, their use has been limited to small/medium datasets due to their computational requirements. In this work, we propose a high-performance iterative reconstruction system for terabyte(s)-scale 3D volumes. Our design involves three novel optimizations: (1) optimization of (back)projection operators by extending the 2D memory-centric approach to 3D; (2) performing hierarchical communications by exploiting “fat-node" architecture with many GPUs; (3) utilization of mixed-precision types while preserving convergence rate and quality. We extensively evaluate the proposed optimizations and scaling on the Summit supercomputer. Our largest reconstruction is a mouse brain volume with 9K×11K×11K voxels, where the total reconstruction time is under three minutes using 24,576 GPUs, reaching 65 PFLOPS: 34% of Summit’s peak performance.
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